2012 has been the year that social media got big; the pope joined (@Pontifex) and even Alex Kane (@AlexKane221b) got online. But it’s also the year that social media got ugly. Lord McAlpine was grievously slandered, Tom Dael was abused, Fabrice Muamba was ridiculed and countless others have been threatened, menaced and offended.
In the face of this ugliness law enforcers have been fighting back. But arrests and prosecutions have been uncertain and inconsistent. And the law does not deal well with uncertainty; so policy makers have sought to bring a degree of legal clarity to the online world of social media.
The Director of Public Prosecutions, Keir Starmer QC has recently produced interim guidance for England and Wales on when social media media wrongdoers should be prosecuted. The legal and law enforcement community largely welcomed the developments but undoubtedly the law has been caught sleeping.
Over here in Northern Ireland we’re pretty much in the dark. However the Republic of Ireland has taken the first steps towards bringing legal certainty to the borderless universe of new media.
We found out on December 27 that an Oireachtas Committee led by Fine Gael TD Tom Hayes will investigate by means of public consultation and public and private hearing social media abuses. Where England and Wales sought prosecution guidelines Irish policymakers are going further and essentially asking: do we need legislation?
The Committee on Transport and Communication will report back in early to 2013 to Minister for communications Pat Rabbitte.
The decision to look into whether or not to legislate and censor social media communications falls against a dark back cloth: the recent suicide of Fine Gael TD Shane McEntree. His death has been attributed in part to a recent period of social media abuse which followed the recent budget announcement. So undoubtedly these are emotive times and there seems to be a sense that a wrong needs righted.
The fact that Tom Hayes seems to be leading with the sword of legislation is ostensibly wrong. Like any criminal process that starts with the defendant presumed innocent this policy formulating process needs to start with a presumption of non-legislation.
To legislate would be to chill a fundamental right to free speech and curtail the freedom of the individual. But more significantly any move by Irish lawmakers to censor online communications could leave the door open for legal action before the European Court of Human Rights on the basis of an article 10 ECHR encroachment which protects freedom of speech.
Further to that, Irish law enforcers and courts already have a rich menu of legal tools upon which they can police and prosecute social media wrongdoers who harass, libel, defame, slander and incite hatred against others.
Ultimately insults, bad language and abusive comments are part of the vibrant, noisy and plural democratic society in which we live. With liberty comes deep incivility. Offensive and abusive comments have long been made and accepted offline and so we must accept them online.
With the passage of time should come an understanding for accepted norms of what is right and wrong. And for where people stray beyond the accepted line of what is acceptable there will always be legal redress. After all politicians in the 17th century were horrified by seditious pamphleteers and now such agitators are an indispensable aspect of the democratic process.
England and Wales seem to be finding their way: that unless abuse is sustained and threats are material the police and courts should maintain a high threshold before intervening. And so Ireland too will find it’s way.
The law is a living breathing thing; to date it has been asleep but to rush to legislation would be heavy handed and plainly wrong. Self-regulation, the passage of time and a robust attitude towards free speech is what is needed as we move forward.
As an online editor, I would agree with much of what Brian has argued. Online media does need regulation if only to ensure adequate professional standards in reporting etc are maintained. There has certainly been a communications revolutions with social media as significant historically as the Gutenberg press in the 15th century which shook the religious and political world. Again, social media is shaking the world. But I would like to see a quality assurance system set up – Press Association standards apply in the hard copy media and NUJ professional standards etc but literally any cowboy can jump on the social media horse and cause havoc. There is much good practice in the New Media, as in the print industry but equally we have to look at Leveson etc to see that there also a darker side to it as well. Everyone has the right in EU law to set up their business and work at it on a par with others and the print media should not use this downside of social media to play Procrustus and call for restrictive legislation on New Media. I am sure a lot of lobbying will be going on in the corridors of power right now. Why should a hard copy newspaper with a website and social media functions be different from a website newspaper with social media functions? I must say that I disagree with any social media application that does not have the name and contact details of the owner up front. Such anonymous Zorro-like sites are a recipe for libel factories, bad practice, lowering of public confidence in the media, and cyber bullying which needs to be addressed. Can you imagine a newspaper in a newsagent having no contact details or phone numbers and a load of dodgy comments fit for the high court? Twitter, Facebook, and other platforms will need to be brought more into line. Too much freedom like grannie’s apple pie is bad for you.